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10 Most Populated Countries

Top 10 Most Populated Countries

 [] Top 10 Most Populated Countries – More than half of the world’s population lives in only 10 countries, the most populous country on Earth. More people means more demand for everything from natural resources to jobs. Hence, surging population growth can hinder development. Still, most of the world`s most populous countries have managed to reduce their yearly population growth rates.

Top 10 Most Populated Countries in the world :

 1. China 1,397,715,000 

 China is the most populous country on Earth. Nearly 1.4 billion people call it home. The country has taken several steps to combat overpopulation, including the so-called one-child policy, instituted in 1979, which made it illegal for the country’s families  to have more than one child. Now, however, Chinese nationals can have up to two children. Since the late 1980s, China’s annual population growth rate has declined significantly. While the growth rate was 1.94% in 1988, in 2020 it was only 0.39%. In fact, if present trends continue, the Chinese population will start to decline by 2035. 

 2. India 1,366,417,750 

 India is the second most populous country in the world, with over 1.36 billion people. In fact, it is estimated that by 2027, India could overtake China as the world`s most populous country. India’s annual population growth rate has been steadily declining since the early 1980s. The country’s growth rate in 1982 was 2.35%, but in 2020 it was only 0.99. According to recent estimates, India’s population could peak as early as 2060. Unlike China, India is not taking steps to limit the number of children its residents can have. On the other hand, wealth growth, women’s education and family planning have the benefit of reducing the country’s population growth. 

 3. United States 328,239,520 

 The United States has a total population of over 328 million. Annual population growth in the United States was 1.76% in 1956, then dropped to a low of 0.89% in 1970. This figure was roughly unchanged in the 1970s and 1980s. However, in the 1990s,  the population growth rate jumped to  1.27%. This period was followed by a decline in the first half of the 2000s, a slight rebound in the second half of the decade, then another decline from 2009 onward. In 2020, America`s annual population growth rate stood at just 0.59%, and is only expected to get lower in the future, though it will remain positive through 2050. 

 4. Indonesia 270,625,570 

 Indonesia`s population is more than 270.6 million. Indonesia’s population growth reached an annual rate of 2.76% in 1967 but has been declining since then. The rate in 2020 is only 1.07%. Projections indicate that Indonesia’s annual population growth rate will further decline, with an annual growth rate of only 0.32% projected by 2050. 

 5. Pakistan 216,565,320 

 Pakistan’s population is approximately 216.6 million. Its annual population growth rate continued to grow until 1982, peaking at 3.41%. Subsequently, Pakistan’s population growth rate finally started to decline. In 2020, the rate is 2%. Population experts attribute the reasons why Pakistan’s population continues to grow at an alarming rate to religious taboos, political shame and ignorance. In fact, the country’s birth rate is among the highest outside  Africa. Projections show that although the population growth rate in Pakistan will continue to decline, the number of people in the country will continue to grow significantly, to the point that there will be more than 338 million people in Pakistan by 2050.

6. Brazil 211,049,530 

 Brazil is the most populous county in South America. More than 211 million live in this country. Although Brazil’s population is still growing, its annual growth rate has gradually slowed since the 1950s. In 1951, Brazil’s population grew at a rate of 3.02%. In contrast, Brazil’s population grew by only 0.72% in 2020. By 2050, Brazil’s population is  projected to decline by 0.05%. 

 7. Nigeria 200,963,600 

 Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. More than 200 million people call the West African country home. In stark contrast to other developing countries, Nigeria’s annual population growth rate  is  higher today than it was in the 1950s. In 1951, Nigeria’s population grew at a rate of 1.49%. But in 2020, the population grew by 2.58%. If current trends continue, Nigeria’s population could double by 2050. 

 8. Bangladesh 163,046160 

 Bangladesh has a population of over 163 million. Bangladesh’s population growth rate  has not been constant for decades. In 1951, the country’s annual  population growth rate was 2.14%. In 1967, that figure rose to 3.28%, before dropping to 1.52% in 1973, before rising to 2.76% in 1979. Bangladesh’s population growth rate tends to increase, declining since the 80s. In 2020, the country’s population growth rate is at an all-time low of 1.01%. This rate is expected to fall to 0.15% by 2050. 

 9. Russian Federation 144,373,540 

 Russia is the most populous country in Europe, with a population of over 144 million. In 1954, Russia’s annual population growth rate was 1.68 percent. This rate declined significantly during the mid-1950s, 1960s and 1970s, before increasing slightly in the 1980s. However, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia’s population growth rate began to decline again, until in 1994, the country effectively lost its population. It wasn’t until 2009 that Russia’s population began to grow again, reaching an annual growth of 0.14% in 2014, before declining again. In 2020, Russia’s annual population growth rate is only 0.04%, and statistics show that the country will start losing people again from 2025 onwards. 

 10. Mexico 127,575,530 

 The second most populous country in Latin America is Mexico, with nearly 127.6 million people. The country’s annual population growth was more or less constant during the late 1950s and 1960s, but began to decline in the 1970s. In 1959, the figure was 3.17%, but in 2020 it was reduced to only 1.06%. According to projections, Mexico’s population growth will continue to slow until 2050, although the country will continue to increase its population.

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